Home / Hướng dẫn học ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 35: Can/Could/Would you…? – Học hay

Hướng dẫn học ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 35: Can/Could/Would you…? – Học hay

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 35: Can/Could/Would you…? – HocHay

  1. Yêu cầu ai làm một việc gì đó

– Dùng can/could

Can/Could you wait a moment, please?

Helen, can you do me a favour?

Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the bus station?

– Dùng Do you think you could … ? :

Do you think you could take me to the airport? (not Do you think you can)

 

  1. Hỏi về một việc gì đó

– Can (I) have … ? / Could (I) have … ? or Can (I) get …?:

(in a shop) Can I have these postcards, please? or Can I get these postcards, please?

(in a restaurant) Could we have the menu, please? or Can we have the menu, please?

– May I have … ?

May I have these postcards, please?

 

  1. Xin phép về điều gì đó

– Can I or could I

(on the phone) Hello, can I speak to Steve, please?

‘Could I use your phone charger?’ ‘Sure.’

Do you think I could borrow your bike?

– May: mang tính trang trọng hơn so với can/could

May I ask you a question?

– Do you mind if I … ?/ Is it all right if I …? / Is it OK if I … ?

Do you mind if I use your phone charger?

‘Is it all right if I sit here?’ ‘Yes, of course.’

 

  1. Lời đề nghị và lời mời

– Can I … ?

‘Can I help you?’ ‘No, it’s OK. I can manage, thanks.’

‘Can I get you some coffee?’ ‘That would be nice.’

– Would you like … ? (not Do you like):

‘Would you like some coffee?’ ‘No, thanks.’

‘Would you like to eat with us tonight?’ ‘That would be great.’

– I’d like … (= I would like) là một cách nói lịch sự khác

(at a tourist information office) I’d like some information about hotels, please.

(in a shop) I’d like to try on this jacket, please

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 35: Can/Could/Would you…? – HocHay

A Which goes with which?

1 Could you pass the sugar?

2 Would you like to go to the cinema?

3 Can I use your toilet?

4 Do you mind if I leave work early?

5 Can you do me a favour?

6 Would you like something to eat?

7 Can I give you a hand?

8 I’d like some fresh air.

a It depends what you want me to do.

b No, that’s fine.

c Me too. Let’s go out for a walk.

d Sure. It’s the door on the left.

e Yes, here you are.

f No, it’s all right. I can manage, thanks.

g Maybe. What’s on?

h No, thanks. I’m not hungry.

 

1 e

B  Complete the sentences. Choose from:

 

I’d like               Would you like to try                   Do you mind             Can I take

Can I give             Would you like to come                Would you like                  I’d like to

 

1 You’re driving and you see a friend walking along the road. You stop and say:

Hi Joe. Can I give you a lift?

2 You’re making a cold drink for your friend. Perhaps he wants ice. You ask:

……………………..ice in your drink?

3 You’re ordering something to eat in a cafe. You say:

……………………..a chicken salad, please.

4 You have an extra ticket for a concert. Maybe your friend will come. You ask:

……………………..to a concert tomorrow night?

5 You answer the phone. The caller wants to speak to Lisa. You say:

Lisa’s not here. ……………………..a message?

6 You need to see a dentist. You phone for an appointment. You say:

Hello. ……………………..make an appointment, please.

7 You work in a shoe shop. A customer asks you about some shoes. You ask:

……………………..them on?

8 You go into a cafe and see some people you know. You ask:

……………………..if I join you?

C What would you say in these situations?

1 You’re carrying a lot of things. You can’t open the door yourself. There’s a man near the door.

You say to him: Could you open the door, please?

2 You’ve finished your meal in a restaurant and now you want the bill.

You ask the waiter:………………………..

3 You’ve filled in some forms in English. You want your friend to check them for you.

You ask your friend:………………………..

4 The woman in the next room is playing music. It’s very loud. You want her to turn it down.

You say to her:………………………..

5 You’re on a train. The window is open and you’re cold. You’d like to close it.

You ask the man next to you:………………………..

6 You’re on a bus. You have a seat, but an elderly man is standing. You offer him your seat.

You say to him:………………………..

7 You’re a tourist. You want to go to the station, but you don’t know how to get there.

You ask at your hotel:………………………..

8 You are in a clothes shop. You see some trousers you like and you want to try them on.

You say to the shop assistant:………………………..

9 You meet a very famous person. You want to get his/her autograph.

You ask:………………………..

Đáp án

A

2 g

3 d

4 b

5 a

6 h

7 f

8 c

B

2 Would you like

3 I’d like

4 Would you like to come

5 Can I take

6 I’d like to

7 Would you like to try

8 Do you mind

C

2 Can/Could I/we have the bill, please? or … get the bill?

3 Can/Could you check these forms (for me)? or Do you think you

could check …?

4 Can/Could you turn the music down, please? / … turn it down? or Do you think you could turn …?

5 Is it OK if I close the window? or Is it all right if …? or Can I close …? or Do you mind if I close …?

6 Would you like to sit down? or Would you like a seat? or Can I offer you a seat?

7 Can/Could you tell me how to get to the station? or … the way to the station? or … where the station is?

8 Can/Could I try on these trousers? or Can/Could I try these (trousers) on? or I’d like to try on these trousers. or Is it OK if I try …

9 Can/Could I get your autograph? / … have your autograph? or Do you think I could get/have your autograph?

 

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